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Chaitra Navratri Day 4 – History, Facts About Devi Kushmanda & Her Temple

facts about devi kushmanda
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Navratri is one of India’s most popular festivals, and it is observed with great zeal and devotion every year. Despite the fact that the form of celebration differs by state, Navratri remains one of the most prominent Hindu holidays. Navratri is also called Durga Puja in many of the northeastern states, and it commemorates Lord Rama’s triumph over Ravana in several areas. Devotees come here to worship Goddess Durga’s nine incarnations and celebrate her triumph over the evil Mahishasura. In this article, we will discuss some amazing facts about Devi Kushmanda and her temple.

The celebration of Navratri commences with Maa Shailaputri’s devotion to Maa Bramhacharini’s worship on the second day. The third day of Navratri is devoted to Maa Chandraghanta, whereas the fourth day is devoted to Maa Kushmanda.

Devi Kushmanda – Day 4 of Navratri

Kushmanda - Wikipedia

Maa Kushmanda is thought to be a type of Shakti and is credited with creating the universe. She banished the darkness and gave birth to the three celestial goddesses, as well as other gods. She rides a tiger and has eight arms in all. Each one of these arms is holding a different item or weapon. She is frequently shown with a bow and arrow, a mace, a lotus, a jar of nectar, a rosary, a disc, and a Kamandalu(Watering Pot) in her hands. Maa Kushmanda is the source of all energies and is a celestial, immortal deity. She is recognized for bestowing power, knowledge, and wealth upon her worshippers while also shielding them from life’s trials and tribulations.

Also Read – Navratri Day 3 – History, Facts About Chandraghanta Maa & Her Temple

History Of Navratri Day 4

Goddess Durga was satisfied with her incarnation of Kushmanda, according to Durga Saptshati. The highest goddess of strength, Adi-Parashakti, is said to have manifested in the guise of Siddhidatri on Lord Shiva’s left side. Goddess Parvati began to reside inside the core of the sun after acquiring the form of Siddhidatri, and so became known as Kushmanda Devi. This means Kushmanda Devi is the sole goddess who dwells in the sun’s core, from where she commands the whole solar system.

Navratri 2019: Significance Of Worshiping Devi Kushmanda On The 4th Day of  Navratri -

Kushmanda is a Sanskrit compound word made up of three Sanskrit words: ku (meaning small), ushma (meaning warmth), and anda (meaning egg), which when combined imply a little warm cosmic egg.

Why Devi Kushmanda Is Worshiped On Day 4 Of Navratri?

Goddess Kushmanda is known for listening to everyone’s requests and fulfilling them. Maa Kushmanda honors devotees who worship her with great dedication and do all of the rites with health, prosperity, and inner tranquility. She takes away all of the devotee’s worries and sorrows. There is one piece of advice for all devotees: do Goddess Kushmanda puja with tranquility, purity, and complete commitment. Worshiping the goddess with a tainted heart or mind may make her furious.

Also Read – Chaitra Navratri Day 2 – Facts About Devi Brahmacharini & Her Temple

Facts About Devi Kushmanda

  1. She is said to have created the whole cosmos, known in Sanskrit as Brahmanda, by only flashing a small portion of her grin.
  1. She rides a lioness. Her right hands hold a Kamandalu, Bow, Arrow, and Lotus, while Devi’s left hands are holding a Mala of Rudraksha, an Amrit Kalash (pot of honey), Mace (called Gadas), and Chakr.
  1. Goddess Kushmanda is said to supply the Sun with direction and vitality. As a result, Goddess Kushmanda is in charge of God Sun.
  1. Goddess Kushmanda is also called Ashtabhuja Devi since she has eight hands. Her Jap Mala is said to contain all of the ability to confer Siddhis and Niddhis.
  1. She also likes Kushmanda, a white pumpkin Bali. Due to her ties to Brahmanda and Kushmanda, Goddess Kushmanda is her popular name.

Also Read – Strange Navratri Rituals in India Which You Might Not Know

How To Do Puja In Navratri – Day 4

A Kushma Devi Puja Mantra is used to summon Kushmanda Devi. Kushmanda Puja begins with the adoration of a Kalash, which is used to invite additional gods, goddesses, as well as their families. During Kushmanda Devi’s Puja, several stotra paths, kawach, and aartis are done. Flowers are kept in the palms of devotees to give to the deity. This is known as naivaidhya or naibidhya. Prasad includes curd, milk, and halwa, which are handed to worshippers. Lord Shiva & Brahma must be worshiped following the Kushmanda Puja, according to shastras & Puranas. Kushmanda Pujas including incense, dhoop, and durya are thought to be extremely fortunate.

Navratri 2019: मां कूष्माण्डा को समर्पित है नवरात्र का चौथा दिन, इस विधि से  करें पूजा

Even with the tiniest amount of devotion and purity of mind, yogis, saadhaks, and bhakts can satisfy Kushmanda Devi and enter Anahata Chakra for absolute happiness. This deity removes all sorrows and worries from her devotees’ lives and bestows good health, mental serenity, and prosperity.

Because pumpkin is supposed to be this goddess’s favorite vegetable, it’s no wonder that it’s served in her honor. Also, this day is dedicated to the hue royal blue.

Also Read – Chaitra Navratri Day 1 – History, Facts About Shailputri Devi & Her Temple

Goddess Kushmanda, Navratri Day 4  Mantra

Surasampurnakalasham Rudhiraplutmeva Cha l

Dadhana Hastpadhyabhayam Kushmanda Shubhdastu Me ll

Yaa Devi Sarvbhuteshu Maa Kushmanda Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

Facts About Kushmanda Temple

  1. Kushmanda Durga Temple in Varanasi was established in 1780 by Ahilya Bai Holker and is also known as the “Monkey Temple” due to the great number of monkeys that frequent the area. 
  1.  According to folklore, the current Goddess Durga statue did not exist at the temple on its own and was not created by man (Swayambhu).
  1. The temple is decorated with multi-tiered towers and is colored red with ochre to depict Durga’s crimson hue.
  1. The building is Nagara Style, which really is typical of North India, and was built by a Bengali Maharani. 
  1. During Navratri and other important events, tens of thousands of Hindu worshippers go to the Durga shrine. 
  1. The Durga Kund is a rectangular water tank at the shrine.
Kushmanda Devi temple

Significance Of Navratri Day 4

Goddess Kushmanda is said to have created the cosmos with her heavenly smile when the world was dark and there was no universe. She produced the trinities Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh, as well as Kali, Lakshmi, and Saraswati, after the cosmos was founded. 

Devotees pray to her for speed, wisdom, love, vitality, brilliance, longevity, renown, strength, health, and parental bliss, among other things.


On the fourth day of Navratri, perform Maa Kushmanda Puja to eradicate all ailments and provide good health. It will improve the working connection with fathers, elders, and seniors, gaining their support for the individual’s advancement. Individuals have a strong vision and are devoid of mental illnesses, in addition to having a positive social image.

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