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The Country’s Pride: 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India

40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India
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There are almost 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India with Dholavira and Ramappa Temple being the latest addition to the list. Now, we have a total of 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India after the addition of these two. 

A 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee happened in Fuzhou, China. It declared the Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple in Warangal, Telangana, and Dholavira, a Harappan-era city in Gujarat, as UNESCO World Heritage Sites during its most recent session. Here is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India that have exceptional universal value!

40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India


1. Ajanta Caves

File:Ajanta Cave 16 Outside view.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, one of India’s oldest heritage sites, is undoubtedly marvelous. This 2000-year-old Buddhist site in Maharashtra consists of 29 intricately carved rock caves. 

2. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Free Vehicles Passing by the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Stock Photo

The mammoth-sized Chhatrapati Shivaji statue at CST is a sight to behold and is one of Mumbai’s most well-known landmarks. 

3. Ellora Caves

Ellora caves | Dinesh Valke | Flickr

Ellora Caves depicts the timeless religious harmony and artistic dexterity of a bygone era through a blend of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain cults.

4. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles

Art Nouveau Images | Free Vectors, Stock Photos & PSD

These two important ensembles of Mumbai are a fine example of modernization that happened in the city of dreams during the 19th and 20th centuries, with a vast variety of 19th-century Victorian neo-Gothic public buildings and 20th-century Art Deco. 

5. Elephanta Caves

File:Elephanta Caves Entrance.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

This stunning Maharashtra world heritage site shows Lord Shiva’s cult adoration, with exquisite carvings and colossal structures. Elephanta caverns were designated as a historic site in 1987 because of their cultural and religious significance.

Madhya Pradesh

6. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka

Bhimbetka rock shelters | Dinesh Valke | Flickr

The murals on the walls of the 750 caverns dispersed over seven hills bear a striking resemblance to the tribal cultural traditions of the twenty-one communities adjacent to the site.

7. Sanchi Stupa

Sanchi, Stupa 3 | Sanchi, Stupa 3 The Buddhist vihara (monas… | Flickr

This huge complex, which includes monolithic pillars, palaces, temples, and monasteries, was an important Buddhist center until the 12th century A.D. 

8. Khajuraho Group of Monuments

Everyday life | Jain temples at Khajuraho: plenty of nudity,… | Flickr

This huge temple complex in Madhya Pradesh is the epitome of beauty and one of the gems of Indian heritage that has been acknowledged by UNESCO.

Uttar Pradesh

9. Agra Fort

File:Agra Fort 14.JPG - Wikimedia Commons

This magnificent Mughal mausoleum, built of red sandstone, has influenced Persian and Arabic architecture. Agra Fort is located about 2.5 kilometers from the famed Taj Mahal. 

10. Fatehpur Sikri

File:Fatehput Sikiri Buland Darwaza gate 2010.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The Redstone palace complex, which was declared a heritage site in 1986, has monuments, residential and religious monuments, administrative courts, dwelling spaces for the army and staff, and the Jama Masjid, one of the largest mosques in the world.

11. Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal | Home again. Had the opportunity to go to India w… | Flickr

This magnificent tomb, commissioned by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his loving wife, represents the Mughal empire’s love and brilliant construction. 

Also Read – Bizarre & Unusual Architectures: 25 Most Weird Buildings In World


12. Qutub Minar Complex

Delhi Court issues notice to Archaeological Survey on appeal to restore  temples in Qutub Minar complex

This 5 storey minaret, also known as the Tower of Victory, marks the commencement of Muslim sovereignty in India and is the main attraction of the Qutub complex. 

13. Red Fort Complex

Red Fort, Delhi, India, 2010 | Also called Lal Quila, the Re… | Flickr

This enormous Redstone fort, also known as Shahzanabad, is adjacent to the Salimgarh Fort, which was erected by Islam Shah Suri in 1546 and forms part of the Red Fort Complex. 

14. Humayun’s Tomb

File:Humayun Tomb, Delhi, running fountain.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The complete Humayun tomb complex, known as Maqbara-e-Humayun, has over 150 tombs built with red sandstone and white marble domes. The tomb was commissioned by Hamida Banu Begum in 1565 AD.


15. Hill Forts of Rajasthan

File:Humayun Tomb, Delhi, running fountain.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The magnificent Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, which has the world’s second-largest wall, Gagron Fort, which is famous in India for Sati culture, exceptionally beautiful Amer Fort, shimmering golden Jaisalmer Fort, and the ancient fort of Ranthambore is all part of Rajasthan’s Hill Forts.  

16. Keoladeo National Park

Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary), Spotted… | Flickr

The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, also known as Keoladeo National Park, was designated as a heritage site in 1985 due to its antiquity and diversity of features.

17. Jaipur City

File:City Palace-Jaipur-India0010.JPG - Wikimedia Commons

The fortified city of Jaipur is a fantastic site for history aficionados and heritage lovers, with a deep-rooted imprint of cultural heritage, craftsmanship, hospitality, and exceptional culinary tradition.

18. Jantar Mantar

File:Jantar Mantar inside view yantra.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

This is one of the world’s largest observatories, with fascinating stone constructions that assist in the analysis of celestial bodies’ locations and the computation of local time. 


19. Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park

Fortifications, castles, shrines, residential buildings, water retention installations, and the living village of Champaner may all be found on his sprawling heritage site from the 14th and 15th centuries. 

20. Historic City of Ahmedabad

The freedom revolution led by Mahatma Gandhi against the Britishers was also observed in Ahmedabad. Despite the urbanization and all of the changes that have occurred over the centuries.

21. Rani-Ki-Vav

To honor her husband, Bhimdev I, Rani Udayamati commissioned this magnificent stepwell. The temple-like stepwell is built in the Maru-Gurjara architectural style.

22. Dholavira

This ancient city is renowned as the well-planned city of the Harappan era. Copper, ivory, semi-precious stone jewelry, and gold decorations discovered during excavation are fine representations of humanity’s legacy. 


23. Nalanda

File:Nalanda.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

From the 3rd century BCE through to the 13th century CE, it was a Buddhist monastery and a center of education.

24. Mahabodhi Temple Complex

For Buddhists, this is a significant sacred site since it is where Mahatma Buddha received enlightenment. For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is regarded as the holiest pilgrimage site.

Tamil Nadu

25. Chola Temples

File:(18) Hindu temple Chola dynasty Brihadishwara Periya Kovil  Brihadeeswara RajaRajeswara Tanjore Tamil Nadu India 2014.jpg - Wikimedia  Commons

Chola architecture, sculpture, painting, and bronze casting are all popular characteristics of this temple.

26. Mahabalipuram

The Mahabalipuram Tower is a feature of this monument. Pallava Dynasty architecture includes open air rock relief, Mandapas, and Chariot Temples.


27. Hampi

File:Hampi karnataka.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The magnificent Dravidian art and architecture will be seen in the ruins of Hampi. Virupaksha Temple is the site’s most important heritage monument.

28. Pattadakal

It is known for its Chalukya architecture, which originated in Aihole and was later merged with Nagara and Dravidian forms.

Himachal Pradesh

29. Great Himalayan National Park

It supports over 375 fauna species and many floral species, including some extremely rare plants and animals such as blue sheep, snow leopards, Himalayan brown bears, Himalayan Tahrs, musk deer spruces, horse chestnuts, and vast alpine meadows. It’s a Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot.


30. Konark Sun Temple

File:Konarka Temple.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

This prominent tourist destination in Odisha was formerly a navigational beacon for sailors in ancient times, and the sailors nicknamed it Black Pagoda because of its black tint. 


31. Nanda Devi & Valley of Flowers National Park

It is known for the Snow Leopard, Asiatic Black Bear, Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, and Himalayan Monal, all of which are members of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

West Bengal

32. Sundarbans National Park

Biosphere Reserve, the largest estuarine mangrove forest, Bengal tiger, and salt-water crocodile are just a few of the attractions of this National Park.


33. Churches and Convent of Goa

St. Cajetan Church | The Convent of St. Cajetan and Church o… | Flickr

It is known for the First Latin Rite Mass in Asia, as well as the First Manueline, Mannerist, and Baroque art forms in Asia.


34. Kaziranga National Park

File:Beauty of Kaziranga National Park.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The great one-horned rhinoceroses make up 2/3 of the world’s population. It is home to the world’s highest concentration of tigers, as well as wild water buffalo, elephants, and swamp deer. It is also an Important Bird Area.

35. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

Project Tiger Reserve, Biosphere Reserve, and Elephant Reserve are all well-known features of this sanctuary.


36. Khangchendzonga National Park

Khangchendzonga National Park – Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve ~  Tour Packages & Safari Bookings Official

Snow leopards are occasionally seen in the national park, which is known for its animals and flora.


37. Capitol Complex

As part of a significant contribution to the Modern Movement, it has been designated as a World Heritage Site.


38. Kakatiya Rudreshwara Temple

Palampet Village, Telangana, is home to the Ramappa temple. It is assumed that the temple is between 800 and 900 years old. The temple is famous for its lightweight porous bricks, often known as floating bricks.

39. The Western Ghats

Western Ghats Landscape Nature - Free photo on Pixabay

Renowned for being one of the world’s top ten “hotspots for biodiversity. Many national parks, wildlife reserves, and reserve forests can be found here.

40. Mountain Railways of India

File:Nilgiri Mountain Railways, India.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka-Shimla Mountain Railway are among India’s mountain railways.


Following the addition of the two sites, India now has a total of 40 World Heritage Sites. The 40 UNESCO World Heritage sites in India include 32 cultural, 7 natural, and 1 mixed property. We hope you might have got an insight into UNESCO’s Heritage Site in India through our article.

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